Vampire Squid
Vampyroteuthis infernalis

(Chun, 1903)

Common Name "Vampire Squid of Hell"
Range Deep Sea, midwater
Estimated Population Data Deficient
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Mollusca
Class Cephalopoda
Subclass Coleoidea
Order Vampyromorphida
Suborder Vampyromorphina
Family Vampyroteuthidae
Genus Vampyroteuthis
Species • V. infernalis
Conservation Status
(IUCN 3.1)
Data Deficient
The Vampire Squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is actually neither a squid or octopus, but a living fossil that is what those animals evolved from. This species is very elusive, and lives in the deep depths of the sea. This animal may not be known very well, but we do know how it lives and what it looks like from many ROV studies taken on them. There are also many fossil records of them, but due to this species living in the open ocean with no walls or seabed around, it is hard to find these.

Adaptations To Survive Habitat Edit

The Vampire Squid lives in a light less zone with little Oxygen, and crushing water pressure. They thrive at depths from 2,000- 3,000 feet, an extraordinary amount under the sea. To add to the difficulty to survive at this area, the depth from 200- 1,000 meters is often considered n Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ). There is very little oxygen here, and most species cannot live in this area due to that. To cope with this, the squid has large gills and a very efficient way of transporting oxygen to other organs compared to other cephalopods, as well as a super low metabolic rate. The species is an invertebrate, which allows it to take a large amount of pressure, as well.

Behavior Edit

All behavioral elements of the Vampire Squid are collected from videos taken from ROVs, which are remotely controlled submarines. If frightened, the Vampire Squid can quickly dart off or release bioluminescence mucus that confuses predators- this tactic is rarely used. Also if threatened, the squid can wrap itself up with its tentacles to resemble a different, more intimidating creature. The Monterey Bay Aquarium once tried to study this species in an aquarium, being one of the first Vampire Squid ever kept in captivity. They do not live very long, as expected, because much of their requirements for care are unknown

Marine Marine HabitatsAquariumsGlobal OceansOcean Weather
Vertebrate FishesMammalsReptilesAmphibiansCartilaginous FishesSharks
Invertebrate ArthropodMolluscaEchinodermsCnidaria
Conservation Status Critically EndangeredEndangeredNear ThreatenedVulnerableLeast ConcernData DeficientNot Evaluated